CONSPIRACY THEORIES OF OUR TIME

CONSPIRACY THEORIES OF OUR TIME, Estúdio447 English Club, Workshop de inglês, Moema, São Paulo

CONSPIRACY THEORIES OF OUR TIME

INTRODUCTION
In this workshop we will debate if there is any truth behind conspiracy theories such as ‘the moon landing was a hoax’, ‘the death of Princess Diana was not an accident’ and ‘the truth about 9/11’. Let’s discuss some of the biggest and most controversial conspiracy theories of our time.


WHAT IS A CONSPIRACY THEORY?
A conspiracy theory is a belief that some covert but influential organisation is responsible for a circumstance or event, typically considered to be illegal or harmful. Although the term "conspiracy theory" has acquired a derogatory meaning over time and is often used to dismiss or ridicule beliefs in conspiracies. There is, for example, a conspiracy theory that Paul McCartney from the Beatles actually died in 1966 and was replaced by a look-alike. [1] Considering none of his family or friends seemed to notice the difference, I think it is fairly safe for us to dismiss this conspiracy as ridiculous.

However, not all conspiracy theories turn out to be untrue. There are proven conspiracies, such as the revelations that occurred in 2013 when Edward Snowden released classified information from the US National Security Agency (NSA). Many suspected the US government was involved in illegal mass surveillance of both its own people as well as other nations, but it was not until Snowden’s actions that the entire world had proof. The shocking revelations included the illegal capture and storage of telephone, email and online communications inside America as well as abroad; not excluding supposed American allies such as the German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Brazil’s President Dilma Roussef. 


CONSPIRACY No. 1: THE MOON LANDING WAS A HOAX
The theory that the moon landings were hoaxed by the US government to assert their victory in the space race over Russia is something which has grown in popularity over time. After the Apollo missions ended in the seventies, nobody ever returned to the moon. However, there is speculation that if anyone does go back to the lunar surface it will most likely be the Chinese who get there first. [2]  But will the Chinese be able to confirm if the Apollo landing sites are real? Unlikely, as the US have declared these site to be protected as “World Heritage Sites” and off limits to other nations. [3]


CURIOUS FACTS ABOUT THE MOON LANDING
* THE WAVING FLAG: Conspiracy theorists have pointed out that when the first moon landing was shown on live television, viewers could clearly see the American flag waving and fluttering as Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin planted it. Photos of the landing also seem to show rippling in a breeze. The obvious problem here is that there is no air in the moon’s atmosphere, and therefore no wind to cause the flag to blow.

* MULTIPLE LIGHT SOURCES: On the moon there is only one strong light source - the Sun. So it’s fair to suggest that all shadows should run parallel to one another. But this was not the case during the moon landing. Videos and photographs clearly show that shadows fall in different directions. Conspiracy theorists suggest that this must mean multiple light sources are present - suggesting that the landing photos were taken on a film set.
 

*** THIS IS ONLY THE BEGINNING OF THE CONSPIRACY THEORIES OF OUR TIME WORKSHOP! IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO EXPERIENCE THIS CONVERSATION WORKSHOP IN FULL, WITH A GLASS OF WINE AND A FRIENDLY GROUP OF PEOPLE, THEN PLEASE CONTACT US TO FIND OUT HOW TO PARTICIPATE.  
 

The rest of this workshop will discuss...

  • CONSPIRACY No. 2: PRINCESS DIANA’S DEATH WAS NOT AN ACCIDENT
  • THE OFFICIAL STORY OF DIANA’S DEATH
  • CONSPIRACY THEORY ABOUT DIANA’S DEATH
  • SOME STRANGE FACTS ABOUT DIANA’S DEATH AS THEY WERE REPORTED
  • CONSPIRACY No. 3: 9/11 WAS AN INSIDE JOB
  • INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT 9/11

 

QUESTION

Are there any conspiracy theories that you believe in? If yes, then which?  
Please let us know by leaving a response in the comment section below.

 

VOCABULARY

  • hoax: (noun) [Portuguese: engano] - a humorous or malicious deception. "They recognized the plan as a hoax"
  • derogatory: (adjective) [Portuguese: depreciativo] - showing a critical or disrespectful attitude. "She tells me I'm fat and is always making derogatory remarks"
  • to ripple: (of water) (verb) [Portuguese: ondular] - form or flow with small waves on the surface. "The Mediterranean rippled and sparkled"
  • to be rumbled: (urban slang – verb past tense) [Portuguese: ser descoberto] - to be found out, discover (an illicit activity or its perpetrator). “Hello hello, you my friend have been rumbled”
  • backdrop: (noun) [Portuguese: pano de fundo] - a painted cloth hung at the back of a theatre stage as part of the scenery.
  • far-fetched: (adjective) [Portuguese: extravagante] - unlikely and unconvincing; implausible. “That story is a bit far-fetched”.
  • to goad: (verb) [Portuguese: incitar] - provoke or annoy (someone) so as to stimulate some action or reaction. "He goaded her on to more daring revelations"
  • inebriation: (noun) [Portuguese: embriaguez] - drunkenness; intoxication. "They were in an advanced state of inebriation"
  • to tamper: (verb) [Portuguese: adulterar] - interfere with (something) in order to cause damage or make unauthorized alterations. "Someone tampered with the brakes on my car"
  • The Establishment: (noun) [Portuguese: o Estabelecimento] - generally denotes a dominant group or elite that holds power or authority in a nation or organization.
  • covert: (noun) [Portuguese: secreto] - not openly acknowledged or displayed.
  • surveillance: (noun) [Portuguese: vigilância] - close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal.
  • ally: (noun) [Portuguese: aliado] - a state formally cooperating with another for a military or other purpose, typically by treaty.
  • to point out: (noun) [Portuguese: assinalar] – to highlight or make someone aware of something.
  • to wave: (noun) [Portuguese: ondear] - (in this context) to move in the wind.
  • to flutter: (verb) [Portuguese: tremular] - (of a bird or other winged creature) fly unsteadily or hover by flapping the wings quickly and lightly.
  • to blow: (verb) [Portuguese: soprar] - (of wind) move creating an air current.
  • shadow: (noun) [Portuguese: sombra] - a dark area or shape produced by a body coming between rays of light and a surface.
  • sheer: (adjective) [Portuguese: puro] - nothing other than; unmitigated (used for emphasis).
  • helmet: (noun) [Portuguese: capacete] - a hard or padded protective hat, various types of which are worn by soldiers, police officers, firefighters, motorcyclists, athletes, and others.
  • spotlight: (noun) [Portuguese: holofote] - a lamp projecting a narrow, intense beam of light directly onto a place or person, especially a performer on stage.
  • compelling: (adjective) [Portuguese: atraente] - evoking interest, attention, or admiration in a powerfully irresistible way.
  • lack of: (noun) [Portuguese: falta de] - the state of being without or not having enough of something.
  • odd: (adjective) [Portuguese: bizarro] -  different from what is usual or expected; strange.
  • to engrave: (verb) [Portuguese: gravar] - cut or carve (a text or design) on the surface of a hard object.
  • prop: (noun) [Portuguese: objeto] - an object typically used as part of a theatre or film production.
  • stray: (adjective) [Portuguese: disperso] - not in the right place.
  • to get tangled up: (phrasal verb) [Portuguese: ficar emaranhado] - to get mixed up with (something).
  • bodyguard: (noun) [Portuguese: guarda-costas] - a person or group of people hired to escort and protect another person, especially a dignitary.
  • to crash: (verb) [Portuguese: bater] - (of a vehicle) collide violently with an obstacle or another vehicle.
  • to get engaged: (verb) [Portuguese: ficar noivo] -  to formally agree to marry.
  • murder plot: (noun) [Portuguese: conspiração de assassinato] - a plan made in secret by a group of people to kill someone.
  • inquest: (noun) [Portuguese: inquérito] - a judicial inquiry to ascertain the facts relating to an incident, such as a death.
  • steering: (noun) [Portuguese: direção] - the action of steering a vehicle, vessel, or aircraft.
  • mistress: (noun) [Portuguese: amante] - a woman having an extramarital sexual relationship, especially with a married man.
  • to embalm: (verb) [Portuguese: embalsamar] - preserve (a corpse) from decay, originally with spices and now usually by arterial injection of a preservative.
  • post-mortem: (noun) [Portuguese: pós-morte] - an examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death.
  • to burn: (verb) [Portuguese: queimar] - (of a fire) flame or glow while consuming a material such as coal or wood.
  • to melt: (noun) [Portuguese: derreter] - make or become liquefied by heat.
  • tightly: (adverb) [Portuguese: firmemente] - with very firm or strict control.
  • to hijack: (verb) [Portuguese: sequestrar] - illegally seize (an aircraft, ship, or vehicle) in transit and force it to go to a different destination or use it for one's own purposes.

 

EXTRA INFO

  • MI6: The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6 (Military Intelligence, Section 6), is the foreign intelligence agency of the British government.
  • false flag operation: The contemporary term ‘false flag’ describes covert operations that are designed to deceive in such a way that activities appear as though they are being carried out by entities, groups, or nations other than those who actually planned and executed them.
  • inside job: a crime committed by or with the assistance of a person living or working on the premises where it occurred.
  • Nano Thermite: Nano-thermite or super-thermite is a metastable intermolecular composite (MICs) characterized by a particle size of its main constituents, a metal and a metal oxide, under 100 nanometers. This allows for high and customizable reaction rates.

 

 

REFERENCES & SOURCES

  1. “7 completely legit signs that Paul McCartney died in 1966 and was replaced by a look-alike”, Richard Beech, March 2015, The Mirror 
  2. “China Likely To Beat NASA Back To The Moon”, Bruce Dorminey, March 2016, Forbes 
  3. “Protection of Apollo Moon Landing Sites Sparks Controversy”, Leonard David, July 2013, Space.com 
  4.  “10 Reasons the Moon Landings Could Be a Hoax”, Josh Fox, December 2012, Listverse.com 
  5.  “Death of Diana, Princess of Wales” Wikipedia, 
  6. “DOCS: Diana - The Night She Died”, May 2011, David Cohen, Barcroft TV 
  7. “Princess Diana letter: 'Charles plans to kill me'”, Gordon Rayner, December 2007, The Telegraph 
  8. “New Poll Finds Most Americans Open to Alternative 9/11 Theories”, 2013 YouGov 9/11 Poll 
  9. 2015 NEW Loose Change 3rd Edition 
  10. Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth 
  11. "BBC World News Reports WTC7 Fell Before It Happens" 
  12. “Citizenfour”, 2014, Biography/Historical Oscar winning Documentary about Edward Snowden

 

VIDEO SOURCES

 

© COPYRIGHT 2017 JAMES WJ SUTTON & ESTÚDIO447 ENGLISH CLUB

** SE VOCÊ GOSTARIA DE USAR O CONTEÚDO DESTE OU QUALQUER OUTRO BLOG POST/ WORKSHOP FAVOR ENTRAR EM CONTATO COM JAMES SUTTON PELO EMAIL JAMES(AT)ESTUDIO447.NET